Nanocelluloses as sustainable membrane materials for separation and filtration technologies: Principles, opportunities, and challenges


Membrane technology is of great interest in various environmental and industrial applications, where membranes are used to separate different mixtures of gas, solid-gas, liquid-gas, liquid-liquid, or liquid-solid. In this context, nanocellulose (NC) membranes can be produced with predefined properties for specific separation and filtration technologies. This review explains the use of nanocellulose membranes as a direct, effective, and sustainable way to solve environmental and industrial problems. The different types of nanocellulose (i.e., nanoparticles, nanocrystals, nanofibers) and their fabrication methods (i.e., mechanical, physical, chemical, mechanochemical, physicochemical, and biological) are discussed. In particular, the structural properties of nanocellulose membranes (i.e., mechanical strength, interactions with various fluids, biocompatibility, hydrophilicity, and biodegradability) are reviewed in relation to membrane performances. Advanced applications of nanocellulose membranes in reverse osmosis (RO), microfiltration (MF), nanofiltration (NF), and ultrafiltration (UF) are highlighted. The applications of nanocellulose membranes offer significant advantages as a key technology for air purification, gas separation, and water treatment, including suspended or soluble solids removal, desalination, or liquid removal using pervaporation membranes or electrically driven membranes. This review will cover the current state of research, future prospects, and challenges in commercializing nanocellulose membranes with respect to membrane applications.

Tipo de documento: Artículo

Formato: Adobe PDF

Audiencia: Investigadores

Idioma: Inglés

Área de conocimiento: BIOLOGÍA Y QUÍMICA

Campo disciplinar: QUÍMICA

Nivel de acceso: Acceso Abierto